One of the public health problems is excessive alcohol consumption, which leads to health complications. The Department of Health uses various means to deliver the message, including media, by advertising the effects of addiction on television and radio broadcasts. The message is also printed on the alcoholic beverage bottles to warn the users of the poor health conditions associated with addiction (Iranpour & Nakhaee, 2019). Further, the government warns vehicle owners from driving under the alcoholic influence by using billboards and posters that are visible along busy roads. Drivers who violate the safety road practices are usually arrested and face charges in court. However, the main limitation of health communication concerning this problem is the accessibility of funds (Stautz et al., 2016). Since media and billboard adverts cannot be placed without funding, the government has to allocate some capital specifically for this purpose.
The methods of risk assessment and risk communication methods include identifying the risk and creating awareness of the consequences associated with the environmental health hazard respectively. Dehdashti et al. (2020) claim that supervision and auditing are primary aspects that should be considered to ensure that mitigation procedures of health hazards are followed for efficient risk management. Whereas the precautionary approach means educating the mass on the negative health outcomes of the hazard. In my region, the main environmental health hazard is air pollution caused by the surrounding manufacturing industries and motor vehicle exhaust discharges. Pollution is a serious health concern that can cause respiratory problems such as liver cirrhosis, bronchitis, and lung functionality failure. The precautionary approach that can be initiated includes creating strict rules for motorists by banning technically unfit vehicles and applying hefty fines for industries that do not regulate control of their effluents.
Dehdashti, A., Fatemi, F., Jannati, M., Asadi, F., & Kangarloo, B. (2020). Applying health, safety, and environmental risk assessment at academic settings. BMC Public Health, 20(1328).
Iranpour, A., & Nakhaee, N. (2019). A review of alcohol-related harms: A recent update. Addiction & Health, 11(2), 129-137. Web.
Stautz, K., Brown, K. G., King, S. E. Shemilt, I. & Marteau, T. M. (2016). Immediate effects of alcohol marketing communications and media portrayals on consumption and cognition: a systematic review and meta-analysis of experimental studies. BMC Public Health, 16(465).