The authors of the study discuss the problem of an increase in the number of patients with autism and the methods of treatment used. In modern society, the research methodology is extended, while the given investigation tries to use all the critical aspects for the extended result. The leading indicators used are a comprehensive sample of subjects, disparate geographic regions, a narrow analysis of the area, and disease prevention at an asymptomatic stage. Differences in the region’s infrastructures, such as social and educational policies and the quality of medical services, lead to the absence of a standard set of studies for suspected autism.
The research discusses the connection of anatomical anomalies with autism in the example of a study of a group of 1000 participants aged 6 to 65 years. On the one hand, the primary tool is a comprehensive one-dimensional analysis, which allows the examination of over 180 anatomically defined areas of the brain. On the other hand, multivariate classification analysis shows less than 60% accuracy of one-dimensional analysis, which calls into question its necessity. It means that the values of physiological indicators of brain abnormalities are of inferior quality for clinical and scientific research.
The study confirmed the influence of environmental factors and described the measures to reduce the risk. The authors argue that the causes of the disease can be genetic and environmental factors and their combination. The main parameters are prenatal, birth, and postpartum risk factors. It should be noted that each stage refers to a specific period in the development of the newborn. The study’s main conclusion is the possibility of reducing the risk of having a child with autism by avoiding negative environmental factors.
Fombonne, E. (2018). Editorial: The rising prevalence of autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 59(7), 717–720. Web.
Haar, S., Berman, S., Behrmann, M., & Dinstein, I. (2014). Anatomical Abnormalities in Autism? Cerebral Cortex, 26(4), 1440–1452. Web.
Karahmadi, M., Karimi, P., Kamali, E., & Mousavi, S. (2017). Environmental factors influencing the risk of autism. Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 22(1), 22–27. Web.